Tasks for the Month
is still important to keep on top of the weeding even though the
season is coming to a close. If weeds can be prevented from seeding
there will be many fewer problems next season.
As beds and
borders are vacated, dig them over and prepare for planting. Those
areas that are to remain vacant until the spring should have the
soil turned over in as large lumps as possible in order that they
might weather properly during the winter.
Apply a moss killer to the lawn before scarifying. Do not scarify
if the moss has not been treated as the problem will only be distributed
across the turf.
Keep an eye
open for turf disease like fusarium and fairy rings. There are treatments
for these problems which will not become too severe if dealt with
Aerate the lawn
to relieve compaction using an aerator or hollow tined fork. Brush
coarse sand into the holes.
A new lawn from
turf or seed can be established this month, although neither will
be usable until next year.
Repairs to broken
edges and the levelling of humps and hollows can be satisfactorily
carried out now.
Cut back faded marginal aquatics. Do not cut hollow stemmed varieties
below water level as they often "drown".
Remove the pump
and replace with a pool heater.
Net the pond
or around it to prevent falling leaves from blowing into the water.
bulbs such as daffodils, tulips, hyacinths and crocus can all be
planted. Remember that bulbs are excellent for planters, containers
and window boxes as well as the open garden.
As summer bedding
plants fade these should be removed and the soil prepared for the
and other tender perennial and shrubby plants which will not survive
the winter outdoors should be lifted and prepared for over-wintering
in pots which have spent the summer months outdoors should be removed
to the protection of the greenhouse.
Cut back the fading vegetation of early flowering herbaceous perennials.
can be harvested now and stored. These include carrots, beetroot,
swedes, turnips, potatoes and onions.
Winter hardy lettuce can be sown outdoors. Protect the rows with
pea guards as birds find the young seedlings very attractive.
lettuce, perpetual spinach and winter spinach can be sown now but
should be protected from birds by pea guards.
The apple and
pear harvest is in full swing. Pick as they ripen. An indication
of this is by placing a hand under a fruit and gently lifting. If
it detaches from the stem easily it is ripe.
and tie in all cane fruits, especially blackberries, tayberries
and wineberries. Remove any unwanted suckering growths.
Clear out the
old tomato and cucumber crop. Remove all plants outside and give
the greenhouse a thorough cleaning with a strong disinfectant, before
taking them back inside.
Plants which have spent the summer stood outside, like winter cherry
and Christmas azalea, should be brought in and given protection.
amaryllis for winter flowering.